The Green Belt Movement

Greenbelt Movement


The Green Belt Movement (GBM) is an environmental organization that empowers communities, particularly women, to conserve the environment and improve livelihoods. GBM was founded by Professor Wangari Maathai in 1977 under the auspices of the National Council of Women of Kenya (NCWK) to respond to the needs of rural Kenyan women who reported that their streams were drying up, their food supply was less secure, and they had to walk further and further to get firewood for fuel and fencing. GBM encouraged the women to work together to grow seedlings and plant trees to bind the soil, store rainwater, provide food and firewood, and receive a small monetary token for their work.

Focus Countries within AFR100: Kenya


Fostering Low-Emission Rural Development from the Ground up

Tree Planting and Water Harvesting: income generating activities

Integrating Climate Action and Communities Using the Landscape Approach: Lessons from the Green Belt Movement

Contact info: Aisha Karanja, Executive Director,

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