Burkina Faso

Flag of Burkina Faso

A Sahelian country confronted for more than three decades by desertification and its consequences, Burkina Faso is a key stakeholder in the international and regional fight against environmental degradation and poverty.

One of its engagements in this domain is active participation in TerrAfrica, the Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative (GGWSSI), an African enterprise supported by the international community. The goal of the Great Green Wall is to put an end to food and nutrition insecurity and to land degradation.

To ensure that these actions become permanently implemented and benefit the right people, Burkina Faso has opted to pursue a policy of decentralization.

Seeing the adoption of the SDGs by the international community and the approval of the concept of Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN), Burkina Faso committed itself to defining voluntary national targets to attain LDN. In order to stop land degradation in Burkina Faso, the country has committed to reaching land degradation neutrality by 2030 through the restoration of 5 million hectares of degraded land and by preventing the degradation of non-degraded land.

Through 2030, the realization of these objectives will cost $2.7 billion USD.

Restoration Commitment

Restoration Commitment: 
5 million hectares
Year Committed: 
Priority Interventions: 
  • Create a cross-border program between Burkina Faso and Niger for the restoration of natural capital and the resilience of local communities.
  • Reinforce the Fight against Desertification and Sustainable Land Management (SLM) at different scales to create better synergy among actors
  • Spread best practices for SLM and climate change adaptation
  • Improve food and nutrition security, as well as the incomes of producers through the promotion of revenue-generating activities and by supporting vulnerable households
  • Put in place a program of environmental education and training for actors in the fight against land degradation and for the sustainable management of the environment
Alignment with domestic targets: 
  • National commitment to the goals of restoration (Land Degradation Neutrality, the Bonn Challenge, AFR100, the New York Declaration on Forests)
  • The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2030
  • The action plan of the Great Green Wall Initiative
  • The Economic and Social Development Plan of Burkina Faso, which integrates the principal goals of the SDGs, notably Goal 15 on the protection and restoration of terrestrial ecosystems
  • The National Program for the Rural Sector, which acts as the implementation framework for rural development policies
  • The Strategic Framework for Investment in Sustainable Land Management
Requested assistance from AFR100: 
  • Identify financing options for restoration and for scaling up best practices for SLM
  • Training for the implementation of the Restoration Opportunities Assessment Methodology (ROAM)
  • Support for the production of technical and scientific data related to restoration and reinforcement of the capacity to promote the achievements of scientific research
  • Financial support for the cross-border project between Niger and Burkina Faso
  • Grow the capacity to restore land
  • Carry out a study on climate/environmental migration in Burkina Faso and on the implementation of a support mechanism for settling migrants in reception areas
  • Reinforce the platforms aiming to promote exchange of information and project coordination
  • Emphasize the importance of a database to collect all relevant data